The development phase is where the analysis and design are further developed to create a complete training module. Truly, development “is the link that connects the design process with the implementation of a project” (Hodell, 2011). There are several steps in the process, but all build on the needs assessment in the analysis phase and the structure and sequence outlined in the design phase (Clark, 2010). This detailed plan of action outlines all the people involved and their duties, the deadlines for production, and production of the materials needed in delivery (Strickland, 2013). Part of making all this happen depends on completing several sub-tasks. Successfully completing these tasks will ensure a project is completed as intended and, hopefully, successfully.
During the design, careful examination of the results of the analysis phase lead to the creation of course objectives. In the development phase, those objectives are fleshed out to create the learning activities. It is easy to see how a poorly written objective from the design phase could throw a monkey wrench in developing effective learning activities. After the activities are fleshed out, a delivery model is chosen based on the behavior needs from the analysis phase. If certain learning steps were outlined in the design phase, reviewing existing materials for instruction or creating new materials to meet the training needs becomes an essential step in the development phase. Evaluating if existing materials are effective for the learning steps outlined in the design phase is important because it can directly impact the budget, timeline, man hours needed to bring a project to completion. Finally, validating the instruction to ensure that learners are motivated and the instruction is meeting the individual needs of the students is equally as important. Creating a training that does not do what it’s supposed to do or engage learners to learn is useless. Completing these steps in the development phase is part of creating a complete blueprint for instruction upon completion, the entire project should be clear.
Looking to learn more about developing a training module based on the ADDIE model? Check out what Big Dog and Little Dog are saying. Or, for more about using a storyboard as the blueprint of your development phase, check out eLearningLearning.
All Images Courtesy of Microsoft
The instructional training I am creating for a final project depends on students being able to understand and complete several parts of a work skill. I feel the learning activities are very clearly outlined in the design, but further information should be created. In order to complete the development phase, I need to further examine the delivery model and review materials. I think a lot of original creation will have to take place to make a product that will be effective for the needs and skills of the student population, and that is part of validating the instruction. I anticipate some roadblocks. I believe the materials used will require some time and skill to develop accurately and in a user-friendly manner. Also, there are issues as to personnel. I have other teachers that may need to be trained on implementing the instruction as written in order to ensure desired results. I have no budgetary concerns, but the timeline (especially as it relates to the completion of this project) are looming. I want to actually implement this project to see if the outcomes improve student learning and ability to generalize.
Clark, D. R. (2010). Development phase in instructional design. Retrieved from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/sat4.html
Hodell, C. (2011). Isd from the ground up: A no-nonsense approach to instructional design (3rd ed.). United States of America: American Society for Training & Development.
Strickland, A. W. (2013). ADDIE- Develop. Retrieved from http://ed.isu.edu/addie/develop/develop.html